Constance Hale is a California journalist who has been writing about Hawaiian culture for three decades. Her award-winning features on hula, slack-key guitar, the sovereignty movement, the Hawaiian language, Big Island cowboys, and Spam musubi have appeared in the Atlantic, National Geographic Adventure, Afar, Smithsonian, the Los Angeles Times, the Miami Herald, and Honolulu. She has written five books on language and literary style, including the best-selling Sin and Syntax. She has also written a book for children, ‘Iwalani‘s Tree. Hale, who was born in Hawai‘i, started dancing the hula at seven and has studied with Kumu Hula Patrick Makuakane for twenty-five years. Her biography of him, The Natives Are Restless, was published in 2016.